World Health Organization (WHO) declares Africa free of polio

This is a historic day for Africa because the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Africa free of polio, a landmark in a decades-long campaign to eradicate the notorious disease around the world.

Highlight:

  • A WHO commission led by Prof. Rose Gana Fomban Leke has certified that there had no cases occurred on the continent for the past four years.
  • The WHO also said that the poliovirus now joins smallpox in the list of viruses that have been wiped out in Africa.

Source: All India Radio

You should also know:

What is Polio?: Polio is a disabling and life-threatening disease which is caused by the poliovirus. The poliovirus can spread from person to person and infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis.

What is smallpox?: Smallpox is an infectious disease which is caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.

On 27 October 2014, India received polio-free certificate from World Health Organisation.

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